शनिवार, २३ जानेवारी, २०१६

Part Of Speech - शब्दाच्या जाती

Part Of Speech - शब्दाच्या जाती 
* शब्दाच्या जाती आठ आहेत.
* Noun - नाम - The word shich is used as the name of the things, person or animal is called a name.
e.g - boy, school, river, gopal,
* Kinds of noun -
1] Common noun -  boy, river, book
2] Proper noun - Gopal, yamuna,
3] Collective Noun - water, silver, gold,
4] Material Noun - honesty, pity.

* Pronoun [सर्वनाम] - The word which is used insted of noun is called a pronoun. e.g - I, we, you, it,
1] Personal pronoun - I, we, he, she, it, they.
2] Demonstrative proun - This, that, those,
3] Relative pronoun - whom, which, what,
4] Indefinite pronoun - anyone, someone,
5] Introgative pronoun - whom, which.
6] Reflexive pronoun - myself, ourself, yourself.
7] Emphatic pronoun - self, selves
8] Distributive pronoun - both of, all of.

* Adjective [विशेषण] - The word which tells somthing about the noun, is called an adjective. e.g - brave,
king, five, book,
* Kinds of adjective
1] Adjective of quality - brave, kind,
2] Adjective of quantity - some, any, much,
3] Adjective of number - first, some, each
4] Demonstrative adjective - that, they, those
5] Interrogative adjective - what, which,
6] Possessive adjective - this is my book. [मालकी हक्क ]

* Verb - क्रियापद - The word which completes meaning of the sentences is called a verb. e.g - I go, I am going, I have gone.
* Kinds of verb
1] Transitive verbs - सकर्मक क्रियापदे - ज्या क्रियापदाचा अर्थ पूर्ण होण्यासाठी कर्माची गरज असते. त्यांना सकर्मक क्रियापद असे म्हणतात. e.g - Gopal [caught] a ball.
2] Introgative verbs - अकर्मक क्रियापदे - ज्या क्रियापदाचा अर्थ पूर्ण होण्यास कर्माची गरज नसते. त्यास अकर्मक क्रियापदे म्हणतात. e.g - I stand, she goes,
3] Regular/ weak verbs - play, plays, playing
4] Irregular / strong verbs - ring, rang, raung.
5] Main verbs - I read book.
6] Auxiliary verbs - Seeta is reading a book.

*Adverbs - क्रियाविशेषण अव्यय - The words which tells somthing about the verb is called adverb. e.g - Hores runs fast - fast is a adverb
* Kinds of adverbs
1] Adverbs of time - yeaterday, today, late, early
2] Adverbs of place - here, down, below
3] Adverbs of manner - slowly, fastely
4] Adverbs of reason - purposely, therfore
5] Adverbs of degrees - suarly, never
6] Adverbs of reason - purposely, accidently,
7] Adverbs of affirmation
8] Adverbs of Interrogative - where, when, how,

* Preposition - That words that are used before a noun\ pronoun to show the relationship of these words to some other part of these words to some other part of the sentence are called prposition.
* Kinds of preposition
1] Simple prepostion - in, at, by, on
2] Comlex preposition/ phrase preposition - in spite of, because, due to.

* Conjunction - उभयान्वयी अव्यय - The words that join together to or more words/ phrase/ sentences are called donjunction. e. g - and, are, between, or.
* Kinds of conjunction
1] Co-ordinating conjunction - but, and.
2] Sub- ordinating conjunction - when, though

* Interjections - केवलप्रयोगी अव्यय - Interjection are the words that express an emotion or some sudden feeling. e.g - Alas, sh, oh, hi,


























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